Skin pigmentation- what is it and what can you do about it?
1st November 2017
Dark spots can appear at any age and affect all skin types.
We distinguish several types of dark spots depending on the factor responsible for their formation:
- Actinic Lentigo (or sun spots) – UV Ageing
- Senile Lentigo (or age spots) - Ageing
- Melasma (or chloasma) - Hormonal
UV exposure is the number one cause for the dark spots. It is for this reason that they appear mainly on the areas that are frequently exposed, such as the face, hands and chest and arms.
Sunlight triggers the production of melanin in the first place. Although melanin acts as your skin’s natural sunscreen by protecting you from harmful UV rays (which is why people tan in the sun), excessive sun exposure can disrupt this process, leading to hyperpigmentation.
Once dark spots have developed, sun exposure can also exacerbate them by making freckles, age spots, melasma and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation spots even darker.
Limiting the time you spend in the sun, wearing protective clothing, and using a sunscreen with a high SPF can help reduce your risk of developing dark spots, and also prevent existing ones from getting darker.
Hormonal influences are another main factor, the main cause of a particular kind of hyperpigmentation known commonly as melasma. It is particularly common among women, as it is primarily due to female hormones. It affects so many pregnant women that it is also known as “the mask of pregnancy”. It’s more prevalent among people with darker skin. Melasma – a form of hormone-induced hyperpigmentation, affects most pregnant women.
Whilst some instances are unavoidable, there are steps we can take to avoid developing these dark spots; actively protect your face from ultraviolet radiation exposure where possible and try to cover the neck, wear large UV filtering sunglasses whilst outdoors in daylight to protect the thin skin around the eyes, apply a generous layer of sunblock (ideally SPF30) to your face before going out during the day, re-apply sunblock every two hours and after swimming or sweating even if the product is labelled water-proof/resistant- and shield your face when at the beach/pool or sitting outdoors for an extended period of time.
Resultime have some fantastic products to work against the dark spots on the skin, including a specially formulated for the face SPF30 and the new Anti-Dark Spot range- which works wonders on existing dark spots and the prevention of more developing.
This sun cream for the face delivers triple protection against UVA and UVB, whilst fighting premature skin ageing and pigmentation, and protecting the skin against environmental pollution. Suitable for all skin types and ages. Promoting skin protection and a smooth, even complexion.
This serum is anti-ageing and anti-dark spot- to combat pigmentation marks to preserve the skins youthful appearance. The skin will be unified, firmer, smoother and protected. Suitable for all skin types and all users looking to reduce their dark spots, pigmentation blemishes and even out their complexion. Perfect after a pregnancy or the summer, which are conducive to the appearance of dark spots.
The SPF30 Unifying Cream:
Anti-ageing and anti-dark spot expertise with high sun protection to combat pigmentation marks to preserve the skins youthful appearance. With Super Activated Vitamin C and Biotechnical Sugars to prevent dark spots appearing and reduce any new pigmentation marks. The skin will be unified, firmer, smoother and protected.
Remember to also protect your face when the sun's rays bounce off other surfaces, including sand, snow, ice, water and pavement. Don't tan with sunlamps or tanning beds. These both give off ultraviolet radiation and can contribute to the development of dark spots on the skin.
So in summary, what can we do?
Lighten existing and visible pigmentation marks on the skin's surface.
Limit the appearance of new dark spots by regulating the pigmentation mechanism
Protect the skin from UV, the main triggering factor